Basis : A sustainable community can be a village, it can be a group of villages, or for certain objectives of self-sufficiency, we can even have the district as a community unit. Logically, therefore, governance, too, should have a decentralised focus. Local self-governance of gram sabhas are of greater importance to the citizen than the state or central government. Governance can then be rightly addressed towards strengthening socio-economic principles, ethics and education. (more…)
To promote and support such an ethical system, we would need these principles of political governance:
1. A politician has to ensure ethical behaviour in society, that is his work. He does this on the basis of principles of a just socio-economic system, and by study and understanding of these principles. All actions are rooted on these, and so the politician is not a law-maker; he can devise rules on the basis of these principles, that is all.
2. All social principles rest on the spirit of justice and right conduct. It is rooted in tradition; it espouses what is good for all, and not just what may be good for some or good for many. The economic principles have been listed above.
3. The spirit of justice encompasses our relationship with nature; as a corollary, right conduct and means of livelihood will ensure zero exploitation and zero pollution of natural resources.
4. Party-less local self-governance t hrough a community, or gram panchayat, is the basic unit, and the most important unit, of the political system. It will ensure the success of social and economic principles and help to remove any obstacles in its flow.
5. State levels of governance are made up of representatives of the district level; they will study and suggest solutions for inter-district issues like movement of goods, sharing of natural resources, and appropriate use of mass technology.
6. The Central level of governance is the least important, in the day-to-day life of the citizen. At the same time, it represents the flowering of a national tradition of ethical behaviour; the representatives here are primarily to provide guidance, inspiration, through their own proven expertise and understanding of ethical principles; they will work for peace at the nation’s borders, and also enable exchanges of people between nations.
Since we have a history of gross politcal mis-governance, it is important here to add some sub-principles of what politics and the politician may not do:
a.) Politics is not a career. It is not a livelihood.
b.) The politician is not a promoter of commerce and business.
c.) The politician is not the owner of the nation’s properties, he cannot sell or mortgage national assets.
d.) The political representative cannot sign agreements with other nations or institutions which are contrary to our socio-economic principles. In fact, it is the duty of the political representative to be aware of and to correctly educate the world on India’s ethical principles.